Though Surgical Specialists of Greater NY diagnose and treat anal, rectal, and colon cancers, proctology focuses on benign anorectal diseases. A few of the most common include:
Hemorrhoids develop when veins in your rectum and around your anus become enlarged and swollen. If you have internal hemorrhoids, you may see bright red blood in the toilet after a bowel movement. External hemorrhoids cause pain, itching, and skin irritation.
Anal fissures and fistulas
A fissure is a small tear in the anal lining. A fistula refers to an abnormal tunnel that develops between the anus and skin, usually due to an infection.
An abscess begins when anal glands become infected, causing a painful, swollen pus-filled area.
If you have an irritating, itchy feeling around your anus, you have pruritus ani. The itchiness can develop without any apparent reason. The problem also occurs as a symptom of many conditions, including hemorrhoids, incontinence, anal fistulas, and anal fissures.
This refers to a rash around your anus. Causes include allergic and contact dermatitis, infections, inflammatory skin conditions, cancer, and poor hygiene.
Anal condyloma, more commonly known as anal warts, develop when you become infected with the sexually transmitted human papillomavirus.